Airport management practices can be distinguished from two different perspectives: first, an organization can manage the airport as a comprehensive network; on the contrary, the airport can be managed by an autonomous agency in charge of a few airports; second, airport management can be managed by government agencies or private companies.
Owned by the company, or both. These methods have multiple effects on the ability of airport authorities to attract the cheapest airlines. Mainly visit at the airport. Therefore, the management of Rome Airport often affects the competition between Alitalia and the airport. Service frequency and low prices.
It is agreed that the realization, maintenance or increase of these advantages in the post-liberalization period largely depends on effective competition on the routes. Most airports in the EU, such as Rome, are traditionally public institutions, and most have not escaped the privatization policies of the past few decades; since 1996, especially in recent years, due to the different historical and political practices of EU countries , There are different types of airport ownership, so various airport ownership models can be found in these areas.
This fact makes it very interesting to study the example of the European Union, because airport financing and airline access to airports have common characteristics all over the world, except for the United States.